I was in a planning meeting with a customer recently and we were assessing the customers security plan. We had two major topics to discuss, the first was in regards to data management and compliance. The second, and the one we discussed at length was in regards to previous policies they had around what they called “the edge”, the previous end of their network and the beginning of folks and systems they could not trust. The discussion went on for a while with us working towards consensus on how to define “the edge.” I believe we made the right decisions for there needs, but wanted to continue the discussion, I imagine most companies have this discussion at some point and will continue as new technologies evolve.
At one time "the edge" of any given network was easy to find; the last router between you and the upstream access provider. But today, "the edge" is getting increasingly difficult to find, and this has implications for the fundamentals of Information Technology (IT) including patching and password policies, and the most complicated of questions including privacy, monitoring and forensics. Today we have to evaluate many different details in regards to where “the edge” truly is, these include PDAs, company laptops with VPN access, employees home systems, thumb drives, and outside vendors/contractors.
The most important implications around defining what constitutes “the edge” is defining how customers, and staff will be able to access servers, services and storage. By clearly defining “the edge” we can then work to define what services will be publicly accessible, and which ones will be restricted by VPN access, firewalls, or other mechanisms. By defining “the edge” we also have a baseline to use when defining policies for information management, information tracking and information retention. These are critical areas in todays world of compliance, being able to precisely say who accessed and stored what day and when, is almost necessity.
When defining “the edge”, I start by listing all possible devices (laptop, desktop, thumb drive, PDA, cell phone, etc) that an employee or partner could use to access data that is not publicly available. This should be a list of devices currently allowed and possible technologies to employ. This data could include sales presentations, engineering documents, support forums, or any other data that is intentionally kept private to provide a competitive edge in your industry.
Second, I work to list where those devices could possible be used (office, Starbucks, employees home, airport, restaurant, etc). This is important to understand what implications those devices have including being lost, stolen, or a staff member having a conversation listened too by an outside party. This list should include the associate risks and possibility of it occurring at each location. The chance of a desktop system being stolen from the office is relatively low compared to a laptop being stolen while at the coffee shop. This does not imply that less security should be utilized to protect data on office systems, but that different techniques should be employed to do so.
The final component of defining “the edge” is defining appropriate policies for each device based on risk to the device and associated data, and a cost benefit tradeoff analysis for which devices should be allowed and which should not because of the level of risk they pose. These policies should take into account technologies like full disk encryption, passwords and non-reusable password generators, Virtual Private Network (VPN) technologies, and physical security like cable locks for laptops. Each potential technology is a tool to lower the risk and increase the reward for offering various tools and capabilities to employees.
Ultimately, this is a discussion around what risks can be outweighed by there benefits in a business setting. Often times staff can gain a significant level of productivity by having access too laptops, PDAs and other mobile devices, the company must weigh that additional productivity against the risk of a company device becoming compromised.
The concept of “the edge” is always going to be present for a companies IT infrastructure. As Web 2.0 and associated architectures grow, the ability to present more and more tools and capability to staff is only going to increase. By properly laying the ground work for how staff securely access these systems, a company can ensure that new tools can increase productivity without negatively impacting the risk to the company.